Your computer’s hard drive is one of the most used, and critical, components it has. Like any other item and worker, it needs occasional maintenance. One area that is this applies to “defragmenting” the disk. When Windows deletes files, the space they occupied is emptied, almost like a wasteland between buildings on a city block. Windows often then splits large new files for storage into a number of separate pieces (called fragments) and places them in several of the empty spaces. This can slow down computer operations when later accessing the disk. You can fix this with a simple process. Instructions
Click on the “Start” button. (It’s the button on the far left bottom of the computer screen, with the Windows symbol on it. )
Select the “All Programs” menu item by clicking on it (it’s the background selection in the left-hand panel.),
Select the “Accessories” menu item. If you have a large number of items in your menu, you may need to scroll up or down the menu to find it.
Select the menu item “System Tools.” Again, you may need to scroll up and down the menu if it’s not immediately visible.
Select the “Disk Defragmenter” menu item.
Highlight the disk you want to “defragment” with the left mouse button.
Click the button at the bottom end of the window labeled “Analyze Disk.” Windows will report how fragmented the disk is. You can then decide that there is no point in proceeding with the defrag process if the percentage of the disk that is fragmented is low. Generally, if the percentage is 5 percent or less, you don’t need to defrag. If it is between 5 and 10 percent you may wish to do so, but that is not necessary. If it is above 10 percent, it is recommended that you defrag your disk.
Click on the “Defrag Disk” button at the bottom edge of the window and Windows will proceed to defragment. You can omit this step if , as determined in step 7 , you deem it unnecessary.
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